LATVIAN AVIATION CHRONOLOGY - 1919


1919
February 7 Nikolajs Pulins distinguishes himself in action, for which he subsequently receives the Order of Lacplesis.
February 8 The bolshevik 1st Aviation Division departs from its base at Spilve.

May 9 Three Latvian pilots (Janis Prieditis, Voldemars Jakubovs and Narciss Puskelis) defect from the Bolsheviks, bringing their Nieuports with them.
May 22 The Bolsheviks withdraw from Riga and Kurzeme. The Germans take Spilve.
May 22 Eduard Tomsons deserts from the bolsheviks and joins the Latvian aviation regiment on June 13.

June 7 The founding day of the Latvian Army Aviation Group.
June 19 Eduards Tomsons becomes assistant to commander Valleika.
June The Sachsenberg squadron is briefly based at Spilve.

July 10 the Latvian Army is founded, though they had already been active for many months by that time.
July 20 Latvian aviators hijack a shipment of aircraft from the Germans, two of which eventually become Latvian Military Aviation's first airplanes.
July 22 The first unit of the air force is established, commanded by Janis Prieditis, complete with 68 support personnel but no airplanes flying yet.
July 30, 1919 - The first Sablatnig P.III arrives at Spilve, carrying mail from Sweden and Estonia.
- "Aeronaut" director Horst arrives at Spilve to arranfe for a regular air passenger route to operate between Riga-Tallinn-Stockholm, twice weekly.

August 5 Sgt.Prieditis makes the first flight of the Latvian Air Group in the Nieuport 24bis.
August 7 The Sopwith Strutter gets its first test flight at Spilve.
August 20 The 2nd Aviation Squadron is established, under the command of 1st Lt. Snikeris.
August 26 Jakubovs & Zutte make the first military sortie, going on a bombing mission in the Sopwith Strutter.
August 27 Sgt.Prieditis takes the Nieuport 24bis on a sortie, bombing a railway station.
August Nikolajs Pulins is assigned to the 2nd Aviation Squadron as a corporal/mechanic.

September 7 Augusts Lazdins joins the Aviation Park.
September 30 The two Latvian Army Aviation Groups are combined to form the Latvian Aviation Park.

October 1 Bermont-Avalov forces launch their attack upon Riga.
October 6 Bermont begins his move upon Riga, with the actual attack starting on the 8th.
October 8 - Jakubovs and Peics, flying Sopwith Strutter #2341, complete a recon of Bermont's forces.
- Jakubovs and Zutte, flying Sopwith Strutter #2341, complete a brief test flight.
October 9 - Prieditis transfers Nieuport #4300 from Krustpils to the Krustabaznicas Aerodrome.
- Prieditis flys a recon of Kekava with Nieuport #4300.
- Jakubovs & Zutte, flying Sopwith #2341, transfer from Jaunjumpravmuiza to Sigulda.
October 10 Prieditis transfers Nieuport #4300 from Spilve to Sigulda.
October 11 - Prieditis flies a combat patrol to Kekava and Tornakalns and back.
- Jakubovs and Zutte, in Sopwith 2341, fly a recon/bombing mission to Kekava and Tornakalns.
October 12 - Prieditis, in the Nieuport, flies a recon to Daugavgriva and Bulduri.
- Jakubovs and Zutte, in Sopwith # 2341, fly a recon of Jaunjelgava - Kekava.
October 13 - Lt.Rudolf Drillis is named Commander of the Latvian Aviation Park.
- Jakubovs and Zutte, flying Sopwith #2341, fly a bombing/recon mission to Jaunjelgava area.
October 14 - Prieditis flies a combat patrol in the Nieuport in the vicinity of Bulduri and Olaine.
- Prieditis flys a combat patrol along the Jelgava-Riga highway.
- P.Zeltins is named adjutant to the Commander of the Aviation Park (Drillis).
October 15 Prieditis, in the Nieuport, flies an artillery spotting mission for the British/French naval forces.
October 17 - Prieditis, in the Nieuport, flies a combat mission in the Bulli, Daugavgriva area, dropping propaganda leaflets as well.
- Jakubovs and Sparins, in Sopwith #2341, fly a recon/bombing mission in the vicinity of Baldone.
October 19 R.Drillis reduces the aviation division complement sending many to infantry units (including Nikolajs Pulins).
October 21 Jakubovs, in Nieuport 4300, flies a combat patrol in the vicinity of Baldone-Dole.
October 22 - Jakubovs and Dums, in Sopwith #2341, fly a recon/bombing mission in the vicinity of Nordeki.
- Jakubovs and Sparins crash and destroy Sopwith Strutter #2341 while taking off from Krustabaznicas aerodrome.
October 23 Jakubovs, in the Nieuport, flies a combat patrol in the region outside of Riga, dropping propaganda leaflets.
October 24 Jakubovs, in the Nieuport, flies a combat patrol in the region outside of Riga, dropping propaganda leaflets.
October 28 A german aircraft is brought down by latvian small arms fire near Baldone.

November 1 Prieditis takes off in the Nieuport but has to immediately land with a failing engine.
November 2 - Prieditis takes the Nieuport on a test flight (engine repairs).
- Mardoks and Millers transfer Sopwith Strutter #7046 from Sigulda to Krustabaznicas aerodrome.
November 3 - Jakubovs and Zutte fly a recon/bombing mission in the vicinity of Riga.
- Mardoks and Sparins, in Sopwith #7046, make a brief flight but turn back almost immediately due to poor weather conditions.
- Mardoks and Sparins, in Sopwith #7046, make a recon/bombing flight in the area to the south of Riga.
- Mardoks and Zutte, in Sopwith #7046, make a recon/bombing flight in the Bolderaja vicinity.
November 4 - Jakubovs and Sparins, in Sopwith #7046, fly a bombing mission in the vicinity of Kekava-Baldone.
- Mardoks and Zutte, in Sopwith #7046, fly a recon/bombing mission in the vicinity of Bulduri.
- Jakubovs and Sparins, in Sopwith #7046, fly a bombing mission to Dzilnas.
- Mardoks and Zutte, in Sopwith #7046, fly a bombing mission to Dubulti, damage the aircraft when landing.
- Prieditis, in Nieuport 4300, flies a combat/bombing mission in the vicinity of Olaine-Kekava.
November 8 Prieditis, in the Nieuport, flies a recon mission in the vicinity of Baldone.
November 9 Jakubovs, in Nieuport #4300, bombs and strafes a train and ground troops near Kekava.
November 10 - Jakubovs and Sparins, flying Sopwith Strutter #7046, make a forced landing between the lines near Tornakalns. The aircraft was recovered, basically undamaged, on Nov.12
- Prieditis, in Nieuport #4300, flies a recon mission in the vicinity of Agenskalns.
November 11 Prieditis, in the Nieuport, flies a recon mission in the vicinity of Tornakalns.
November 12 - Mardoks and Frisbirs (mechanic) fly the Sopwith back from Tornakalns to Krustabaznicas aerodrome.
- Prieditis, in the Nieuport, flies a recon mission in the vicinity of Mustave-Olaine.
- Jakubovs, in the Nieuport, flies a recon mission in the vicinity of Olaine.
November 13 Polish aviators Dhenins and Muzkovski crash near Nitaure. Their Salmson 2A2 was totally destroyed.
November 13 Jakubovs and Zutte, flying Sopwith Strutter #7046, are attacked by two german aircraft but managed to return to base.
November 15 Prieditis, in the Nieuport, flies a recon mission to Jelgava.
November 16 - Prieditis, in the Nieuport, flies a recon mission to Neigute.
- Mardoks and Sparins, in Sopwith #7046, fly a mission to Jelgava, bombing the trains and supplies in the Jelgava station.
November 19 - Mardoks and Sparins, flying Sopwith Strutter #7046, come upon a german reconnaissance 2-seater and attack it. They exchange fire, but neither aircraft is brought down.
- Jakubovs and Sparins, flying Sopwith Strutter #7046, make the last combat sortie of the Bermont-Avalov campaign.
November 24 Latvians take inventory of aircraft and parts abandoned at Petersfeld by the retreating Germans.
November 29 Bermont-Avalov's forces withdraw past Latvia's borders.
- Prieditis relocates the Nieuport from the Krustabaznicas aerodrome to Spilve.
- Mardoks and Millers relocate the Sopwith Strutter from the Krustabaznicas aerodrome to Spilve.
- Sopwith Strutter 7046 (later, #2) crashes at Spilve and requires repair.
- Spilve is designated as the main base for Latvian military aviation.

December 13 a Board of Inspection evaluates the aircraft (and parts) left behind by the Germans.
December 17 The first of the Sopwith Camels (#8137), gifted from the British, arrives in Spilve.
December 24 Jakubovs takes the first Fokker D.VII for its first test flight.


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