Air Force

FIAT CR.1


Fiat Cr.1 #8 Fiat Cr.1 #88 Fiat Cr.1 Fiat Cr.1 #8 Fiat Cr.1s at Liepaja

Fiat Cr.1 Fiat Cr.1 #94 Double exposure of Fiat Cr.1 #16 Fiat Cr.1 Fiat Cr.1s at Liepaja

Source: Aeronautica D, Italy

Acquired: 1926 - 1927

Type: Single-seat fighter

Engine: Hispano Suiza HS 8N8, 300 hp, 8-cylinder water-cooled "V"

Dimensions
Length: 6.16 metres
Wing Span: 8.95 metres
Height:
Max Speed: 272 km/hr

Range:

Maximum Ceiling: 8300 metres

Known Serial Numbers: Naval: 103 (#8), 104 (#9), 105 (#1, 14), 106 (#2, 15), 107 (#3, 16), 108 (#4, 17)
Air Force: 88 (formerly Naval #8, 103), 90 (formerly Naval #9, 104), 91 (formerly Naval nos. 14, 105), 92 (formerly Naval nos. 15, 106), 93 (formerly Naval nos. 16, 107), 94 (formerly Naval nos. 17, 4, 108).

Notes

  • Photos: Photo #4, above, was taken at the Liepaja airfield used by the naval regiment for their land planes.
  • A 1923-1924 design by Celestino Rozatelli.
  • These aircraft continued in service until 1937.
  • October 7, 1926 - The first two CR.1s (#8 and #9) are flown to the Liepaja airfield (N.Jakubovs and A.Veldums). The aerodrome had just been built and as yet had no hangars for these aircraft, so two spare hangars from the naval base were hauled across the canal bridge and set up at Velciems.
  • May 3 - June 21, 1927 - the final four CR.1s are accepted and assigned the numbers 14, 15, 16 and 17.
  • November 8, 1928 - I.Karklins crashes a CR.1 when landing at Liepaja.
  • June 12, 1931 - Janis Karklins has a heavy crash in Fiat #9.
  • July 23, 1931 - the Naval Aviation fighter squadron is dissolved and the Fiats are turned over the the Aviation Regiment's 2nd fighter squadron.
  • August, 1932 - Air Force Fiats #88, 92, and 94 are with the 2nd Eskadrille.
  • August, 1933 - Air Force Fiats #88 and 90 are with the 2nd Eskadrille.
  • 1935 - in the attempt to code the Latvian aircraft types, the Fiat CR.1s were designated as 'Type D2'.
  • Over the years these six aircraft were struck from service one by one, as they became too old and worn out for further repair. They had a reputation for flipping over on landing quite easily, and J.Karklins, J.Rucels, J.Udentins, A.Linins, I.Sleiters and others experienced this characteristic first hand.


Sources

- Andersons, Edgars Latvijas Brunotie Speki Un To Prieksvesture
- Bruvelis, Edvins Latvijas Aviacijas Vesture
- Humberstone, R. (ed) Latvian Air Force 1918-1940

Profile courtesy of Arvo Vercamer

LATVIANAVIATION.COM contents copyright © 2017 Gunārs Zūlis and heirs. All Rights Reserved.
Contributors of individual materials retain all rights to their collections and creative works.
LATVIANAVIATION.COM is a LATVIANS.COM project.

Design and hosting by [Clear-and-Simple] · Chicago · New York