National Guard Air

LKOD KOD-1

LKOD1


LKOD1 Images
(Page 1)
LKOD1 Images
(Page 2)
LKOD1 Images
(Page 3)

Source: LKOD (Liepajas Military Manufacturing)

Acquired: March, 1936 (4 aircraft), August 1936 (1 aircraft), December 1938 (3 aircraft).
This list totals eight aircraft, but some sources list as many as 10 different serial numbers. This may indicate other deliveries, or a renumbering of existing aircraft.

Type: 2-seat trainer

Engine: Until May 1937 they were equipped with the Genet Major 5-cylinder engine (provided by Armstrong-Siddeley). These engines were unreliable, with compression problems and individual cylinder overheating. They became unavailable in 1937 and from that point onwards the new KOD-1s were built with de Havilland Gipsy Major 4-cylinder in-line engines which produced approximately 125 horsepower. (Each of these engines cost 10,400 Lati).

Dimensions
Length:
Wing Span:
Height:

Max Speed: 150 km/hr

Range:

Maximum Ceiling:

Known Serial Numbers: 10, 11, 12, 13, 21, 22, 23, 31, 32, 41, 42, 43

Notes

  • Photos: In photos 6 and 7 on this page, the KOD-1s can be seen in the background.
  • These are actually Estonian-designed PON biplanes built under contract by LKOD, and designated KOD-1.
  • The KOD-1 could be built in either a single-seat or two-seater version.
  • It cost the Aizsargi 15-17,000 Lati each to purchase a KOD-1.
  • Jan.13, 1936 - The first two KOD-1s are flown from Liepaja to Spilve.
  • March 15, 1936 - The Aizsargi receive their first four KOD-1s.
  • Febrary 12, 1938 - Edvins Muizzemnieks defects, with a KOD-1, to the Soviet Union. The russians returned the aircraft, but kept the pilot.
  • 1941 - Under Soviet occupation, one KOD-1 aircraft was returned to the aviation school to permit the last class of pilots to graduate. This aircraft was eventually destroyed (pilot Viktors Krastins) in the hurried evacuation after the German attack.
  • # 10
    • October 1-2, 1938 - P.Sotnieks (p) and V.Kodols (obs) in # 10 take part in the "Flight Around Latvia" competition.
  • # 11
  • # 12
  • # 13
    • October 1-2, 1938 - E.Strubergs (p) and A.Biedrins (obs) in #13 take part in the "Flight Around Latvia" competition.
  • # 21
    • October 1, 1938 - Reichmanis and Strazdins, flying KOD1 # 21 in the third "Flight Around Latvia" competition. experienced an engine failure and had to make a forced landing while flying over the town. They had no choice but to land in the market square, which did not provide any run-out for the rolling aircraft which subsequently hit a woodshed and was too damaged to continue.
  • # 22
    • October 1, 1938 - Gailitis and J.Pladers, flying KOD #22 in the third "Flight Around Latvia" competition, had to make a forced landing near Jelgava when his engine began running out of oil. After replenishing the oil, Gailitis took off again and completed the flight.
  • # 23
  • # 31
  • # 32
  • # 41
    • October 1-2, 1938 - Vilnis Ozolins (p) and L.Zarins (mech) in #41 take part in the "Flight Around Latvia" competition.
    • October 15, 1938 - Aizsargu aviators Edvins Bekmanis and Vilnis Ozolins are killed when they crash in KOD-1 #41.
  • # 42
  • # 43

Sources

Andersons, Edgars Latvijas Brunotie Speki Un To Prieksvesture
Bruvelis, Edvins Latvijas Aviacijas Vesture
Humberstone (ed) Latvian Air Force 1918 - 1940
Irbitis, Karlis Of Struggle and Flight
Sparnota Latvija

Profile courtesy of Arvo Vercamer



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